GROUP is a well-known software for analyzing the behavior of pile groups subjected to combined axial, lateral and torsional loadings. The program was developed to compute the distribution of loads (vertical, lateral, and overturning moment in up to three orthogonal axes) when applied from multiple locations in a rigid or flexible pile cap to piles arranged in a group. GROUP also provides the estimated lateral and axial movements of each pile and cap in the model.
The program generates internally the nonlinear response of the soil, in the form of t-z and Q-w curves for axial loading, in the form of p-y curves for lateral loading and in the form of T-q curves for torsional loading. A solution requires iteration to accommodate the nonlinear response of each pile in the group model. Program GROUP solves the nonlinear response of each pile under combined loadings and assures compatibility of deformations and equilibrium of forces between the applied external loads and the reactions of each pile head.
Various built-in p-y curves including:
User defined piles with circular, rectangular, and/or wide-flange sections, with option to include nonlinear flexural stiffness for standard reinforced concrete sections for complex composite sections with structural steel inserts.
Accepts combined loadings (axial + lateral) with load factors and with ability to compute maximum and minimum envelops for load cases and load combinations.
Users may specify concentrated loads (at any position) at the pile cap and/or distributed lateral loads (using local or global axes) along the length of any pile(s).
Includes option to use cyclic model for soil p-y curves where available.
The user is able to input a profile of soil movements versus depth as additional loading on the pile. The movements of the soil may be produced from any action that causes soil movements, such as those due to slope instability, lateral spreading during earthquakes, and seepage forces.
Option to use multiple cores for considerable reduction in computing time on large models.
Able to consider push-over analysis.
Improved algorithms to enhance solution accuracy and convergence in nonlinear problems.
Considers lateral soil resistance against embedded pile caps and optionally specify reduction factor on axial capacity of each individual pile.
Toggle computation of required unit side friction and top and bottom of each layer along with a unit tip resistance.
May optionally compute the foundation stiffness matrix based on equivalent elastic stiffness.
Individual pile bending moment, shear force, mobilized sectional properties, curvature of piles under each load case, and more are outputted for each example.
Optionally print out a text file (response file) with equivalent nonlinear springs along the pile, which is useful for performance of complete soil-structure interaction analyses using other structural software.
p-y curves may be automatically generated by the program and printed for review. Points of internally generated p-y curves can be requested for output according to user-defined levels of deflections.
Export loading, pile group layout, or resulting graphs directly to pre-fromatted spreadsheet (for MS-Excel).
Quickly create models from predefined templates using rectangular or circular pile groups.
Optionally import data from
Consider up to 1000 vertical and/or battered piles in the same pile group analysis. Each pile can have different cross-section and flexural stiffness in orthogonal directions.
GROUP comes equipped with electronic copies of detailed User's Manual and a Technical Manual, as well as multiple examples and input files. Download and view the examples and input files with GROUP running in Demo mode.